What are flat feet? Flat foot is the uncommon structural problem among the people causing arch pain. It occurs due to fallen arches (fallen arch in the foot happens due to heavy weight if the body pressing down the feet literally down to the ground).
Flat foot over a period of time would cause stress; inflammations of the plantar fascia, causing serious discomfort in walking, standing with pain extended to the knee, lower hip, and lower back & finally affect the skeletal structure. With no properly supported arches, even a simple movement of the foot pulls out the ankles joints part to get aligned from out the position causing serious strain and fatigue to the lower body.
And so, when anyone feels severe pain in the arch and/or any fatigue feel in the arch, heel, knee, lower leg and lower back must consider the health expert immediately.
What causes the flat foot?
In general, it occurs due to the abnormal support of the foot wears, the longer time period of walking or standing in high heels, over stress to the foot while sports activities, and otherwise can say because of hereditary problems. The other aspect that causes serious issue is that overweight or obesity leading to flat feet with other major health illness.
Leg & lower leg pain
Lower back pain
Development of calluses and corns
Development of bunions
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Often ankle sprains
Blue toe syndrome
Bunionettes and Bunions
Capsulitis of the Second Toe
Dry Skin of the Foot
Ectrodactyly (Split Hand Foot Malformation)
Eczema of the Foot
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP)
Hallux Rigidus (Rigid Toe)
Causes of adult flat feet
Weight gain or overweight/obesity
Lower extremity injury
Nervous system disorder and muscle disease side effect
How can one prevent flat feet?
Try maintaining healthy weight matching to one’s height is a perfect conclusion. Otherwise, those who are with pain must use either orthotics or insoles to treat the flat feet. Those who are not in pain are advised to avoid too much of high heels, longer time of walking, longer time of continuous standing and must provide proper support to the heels and arches of the foot by wearing right size of footwear.
Types of flat feet
When anyone has the issue of flat feet during childhood or developed during adulthood, orthotic insoles are the support providing aid to get rid of pain and to reduce the related symptoms. To understand in a better way, below appending is the overview of the different types of flat feet.
Flexible flat feet – The foot seems to be slightly arch that appears only when the person flexes his/her foot. Though it does not cause any serious pain or discomfort, it is still recommended to get right by using a properly supported footwear.
Painful & inflexible flat feet – It is one type of physical abnormality wherein it does not allow the individual to flex the foot causing severe pain and stiffness.
Spasmodic flat feet – It is one condition wherein the foot of the individual forced outwards by the peroneal muscle spasms that would be extremely painful and discomfort.
How to choose orthotics for flat feet?
Orthotic insoles or orthotics is the only gateway to help people suffering in flat feet and also help to prevent injuries from sports activities. People with flat feet problems and pains achieve an optimum level of improvement by the help of orthotic insoles to get proper alignment of the arches thus getting rid of future coming problems at the ankles and knees. But then how to choose the best inserts for flat feet? One can find medical experts those who help and advice in getting a right choice of the orthotic insole.
Studies performed by the researchers at the University of Calgary state that using orthotics would help a lot in improving the overall person’s muscle tensions and joint stresses. According to a study by McKenzie DC, Clement DB, Taunton JE, soft orthotics have been proven to be useful in providing adequate foot control for runners.
Often when experiencing pain and aches, considering the best medical expert is the right advice to choose right insole for flat feet! When you feel that you are not able to move or work the foot as they way you would like, see to that there might be some malfunction would disturb the foot. A good insole can help alleviating the aches, pains and other serious medical conditions led to the side effect of flat feet.
A good and right sized insole is the only relief to help to alleviate the pains. Insoles are nothing but medically referred shoe inserts, insoles, orthotics, sock in-liners and foot beds.
Things to consider choosing orthotics for flat feet
Orthotic insoles for everyday usage
Kid’s orthotic insole
For runners and joggers/sportsmen
Diabetic care and Arthritic care
Medical conditions such as stress fracture, neuropathy, over-pronation or supination and Shin splints
Getting the right orthotics
One must make sure that the insole must not be too firm or too flexible as they would not provide adequate shock absorption during any activity that the feet involve in, say for walking, standing, jogging / running, or any sports activities. And so it is recommended to go for a medical examination initially to get an insole at right size and shape.